Upbringing of a child with an autism spectrum disorder has the same goal as upbringing of an ordinary child – that is preparation on an individual for an independent life. However, the autistic children are specific and unique, so common upbringing procedures do not usually apply to them. Due to the variety of the autism symptoms it is also very complicated to compile a general guideline for the right upbringing of a child with this diagnosis.

Upbringing of an autistic child is based on UNDERSTANDING, PATIENCE and EMPATHY.


Methodological recommendations for all types of the autism spectrum disorders:

  • How and what to teach an autistic child

    The difference of the children with the autism spectrum disorder does not mean that their upbringing and development should be resigned for. The already mentioned raising to independence should be the first goal. To develop the intellectual and physical abilities as much as possible should be the equal goal, which, however, significantly depends of the type of the autism spectrum disorder and the intensity of the disability. Of course both these goals correlate and they cannot stay separately. Communication skills development is related to each next step and vice versa, raising to independence implicates the increase in social skills.

    There is a principle which applies to all areas of the development of an autistic child, that they should be coordinated by an expert and the family, experts and institutions (a kindergarten, a school…) should cooperate in them.

  • Procedure in work with an autistic child

  • Social skills

    This area is usually affected by the biggest problems in children with autism. The primary goal is to build social behaviour, which will allow the child to integrate in a team as much as possible. E.g. autistic children cannot often play. Autism prevents them from learning the social skills spontaneously – they must be taught that. This process should take place in specialized kindergartens with experts´ supervision.

  • Movement skills

    The characteristics connected with movement are often used to describe behaviour of a child with autism (stereotyped, repetitive movements, such as rocking, running in and out aimlessly, jumping, throwing, hyperactivity etc.). However, such types of movements are not the problems of development. They are connected with social and communication damage, typical for autism. The development of movement skills helps children to better orientation in space and it has a big impact on the realization of their own body. Of course there are also the children with autism, whose movement development corresponds to their age or who are even more skilful at certain movements than their peers (e.g. crawling).

    Development of movement skills:

    • “catching up” with the delayed movement functions
    • improvement of immature sensorimotor information processing
    • coordination ability training


    Integration of autism into the society

    The parents of a child with autism follow the same goal in their upbringing and education as the parents of an ordinary child. They want their child to become an independent individual with the ability of self-actualization as much as possible. The integration of an autistic person into the society is the main goal of the association SPOSA.

    Parents of autistic children usually ask:

    • Will my child be independent?
    • Will they make friends?
    • Will they be able to do what they like doing?
    • Will they be happy?

    Nobody can give you an answer to these questions in advance. However, the stories of successful autistic people from all over the world have one common feature – their relatives did not give it up and they provided them with good environment for development and education. We can surely say only one thing – yes, autistic people can achieve a high rate of independence, social life and happiness, if the family background and society allows it to them.

    We need to achieve several goals to succeed in that:

  • If we achieve the above mentioned goals, the probability of successful integration of the autistic people into the society will increase significantly.